The characteristics of nature writing are especially noticeable in these excerpts of text:
- The author’s own experience coincides with the expression of thoughts (the author and the I-character are the same, and much of the descriptions pertain to the author’s perceptions and sensations, for example, in the case of heard sounds).
- In transmitting the experience of nature or in describing nature, an artistic style is used, or literary techniques are used (such as comparisons or the use of figurative language; in the above excerpts the use of short sentences to emphasise a point is an example of this).
- The texts have a natural-scientific exactitude, and in addition to emotion they also provide information about the environment (for example, the use of correct nomenclature, such as “brimstone” or “tortoiseshell” butterflies).
- The purpose of the texts is to awaken interest in or favour towards nature (for example, the description of an early-morning bog likely creates the desire to experience this for oneself on the part of the reader).
- The centrality of place. The texts always have a dose of knowledge of Estonia, and the authors feel the importance of designating the places they are writing about. The texts name places and oftentimes transmit information characteristic of the concrete regions they are describing (as in local stories, names, and so on; Jüssi names Kakerdaja bog, for instance).
Of course, different authors write differently, and on account of this some texts may emphasise the characteristics of a place more than others. There are many natural-scientific authors who attempt to document the surroundings, while there are also authors who muse and mediate in more abstract or artistic ways.